Do clinical tests of spasticity accurately reflect muscle function during walking: A systematic review.

The aim of this systematic review was to establish the ecological validity of clinical tests of lower limb spasticity by determining whether the range of motion (ROM) and speed of limb movement during the assessment accurately replicate muscle function and joint biomechanics during walking. An electronic search of ten databases was performed to identify all relevant articles. The reference lists of all included articles were also searched. Identification of relevant articles, data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by two reviewers.

Seventeen studies were included in the review. The Modified Ashworth Scale was the most commonly used clinical measure of lower limb spasticity. The ROM and speed of assessment were poorly reported for clinical scales of lower limb spasticity, making it difficult to draw conclusions regarding the relevance of these scales to walking performance.

The ecological validity of the clinical scales of spasticity could not be determined as studies did not adequately report their testing procedure. Further research into the ecological validity of clinical scales of spasticity is required in order to better understand the impact that spasticity has on functional activities such as walking.


Published by


My interest in health and fitness started at a young age. Even though I had been educated and trained as an engineer in Europe I always want to follow my passion. I have made some guest appearances on a health educational program TV in Europe and, this experience, has made me follow my passion of sharing wellness information with others.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s